Wednesday, 21 December 2011

Malaysia Bank Loan


1. The accusation that I wrote to the World Bank asking for loans is baseless. But Malaysia had been borrowing project loans from the World Bank since 1958. 2. The last negotiations for the loans were made in 1997. These were for projects in:
a) Education sector USD 244 million
b) Social sector USD 60million
c) Technical sector USD100million
3. The currency crisis also began in 1997. Naturally the loans were not approved until 1999 when the crisis was over. The usual sequence is for application for a loan to be made, followed by negotiations. Approval would be given by the bank later.

4. The World Bank wanted Malaysia to request for loans to tide over the crisis like the other countries affected by currency trading. The loans would be conditional upon Malaysia following IMF advice on economic management. It is well-known that Malaysia refused to seek IMF or World Bank help because the so-called help would worsen the financial situation. Instead, in 1998 Malaysia imposed currency control which helped it to recover. 5. In June 1998 (before currency control and while Anwar was still Minister of Finance) a loan for USD 300 million was signed with the World Bank for;
a) Fund for Food Programme
b) Higher Education Loan Fund
c) Microcredit Programme
6. By 31st March 1999 a loan of USD 100 million was signed for Technical Assistance and for overcoming Y2K problems. However, this loan was stopped after drawing down USD 11.94 million.
7. Of the USD 244 million Education Project which was approved in March 1999, payment was ordered to be stopped after USD 216.7 million was drawn down.
8. Of the Social Sector loan of USD 60 million, approved in March 1999, only USD 600,000 was drawn down before it was stopped.
9. As the whole world knows Anwar was reported in the press and foreign magazines for implementing the IMF policy without the IMF loans. He raised interest rates, reduced the period for declaring loans non-performing from 6 months to 3 months, reduced budget allocation to ministries so as to achieve a budget surplus etc.
10. Although he did not oppose currency controls, his appointees as Governor and Deputy Governor of Bank Negara refused to implement the policy and resigned. Tan Sri Zeti was then appointed as Governor of Bank Negara Malaysia.
11. As stated above, Malaysia stopped the draw down on loans negotiated with the World Bank in 1997 and June 1998. This did not stop Malaysia from recovering from the crisis.
12. At no time did I write a letter or verbally request for loans from the World Bank. If Anwar can show evidence that I did, he should. Failing that he should swear on the Quran in a mosque that he knows what he says is true. I am prepared to swear that I never asked for loans from the World Bank.

PROTON article

EXORA Bold Premium And EXORA Prime For Greater Exclusivity And Performance

Posted on Dec 15, 2011
SUBANG JAYA, 15 December 2011 – PROTON Holdings Berhad today announced the availability of two new variants of Malaysia’s first MPV, the Exora which features an all-new 1.6-litre Campro Charge Fuel Efficiency (CFE) engine with performance comparable to that of a 2-litre engine.
The CFE engine is available in the new Exora Bold Premium and the top-of-the-line Exora Prime model that comes equipped with a CVT transmission.

“The combination of the Campro CFE engine and CVT transmission not only gives the Exora Bold Premium and Exora Prime greater efficiency and fuel economy,” said PROTON Holdings Berhad Group Managing Director Dato’ Sri Haji Syed Zainal Abidin Syed Mohamed Tahir.

He added that CFE uses the force induction technology which provides maximum power at lower RPM. “Boosted with the more efficient 1.6L engine, customers will experience powerful performance which is comparable to a 2.0L engine, with much lower fuel consumption. The additional power kicks in to provide more pulling power when accelerating or overtaking. In short, it’s what you can aptly describe as a “pay-as-you-go” engine, which gives you more “vroom” for every litre of petrol used.”

The benefits of the CVT transmission include the intelligence of selecting the best ratio that would suit a particular driving condition thus allowing the Exora to become extremely fuel efficient, and what is known as “steepless” smooth acceleration due to its discreet gear changing for best comfort.

The Exora Bold is also being offered in executive trim powered by a 1.6-litre Campro CPS engine available in both manual and automatic transmissions. PROTON is also offering a 1.6 standard trim which is powered by the same engine and a manual transmission.

The exclusive, six-seater Exora Prime features a number of enhancements. The exterior upgrades include an all-new front and rear bumper design; electric folding door mirrors; rear disc brakes; blacked-out headlamps; smoked rear combi lights; 16” inch gold-finished alloys; a rear garnish finishing; and available in a newly-introduced colour which is Absolute Brown.

An all-new leather interior is complemented by the walnut centre panel finishing, gear panel bezel, air-conditioning vent outlets and metallic beige door switch covers and inner door handles. The Exora Prime is also equipped with a second row Captain Seat, head rest monitors and an audio system incorporating navigation and a reverse camera.

The Exora Bold Premium meanwhile, also sports electric folding door mirrors, rear disc brakes, 16” inch alloys, and a new front and rear bumper design. The interior however, benefits from a sportier treatment in the form of a dual-tone combination leather seats with liquid silver appointments to its gear panel bezel, door switch cover, air-conditioning vent outlets and inner door handles. The vehicle is also equipped with a reverse camera and rear view mirror with LCD.

“The Exora Bold Premium and Exora Prime offer consumers exclusive and elegant styling combined with Lotus Ride and Handling for excellent grip, stability, response and safety, all, at an affordable price and the best value for money for a vehicle in its class, in line with our brand promise of ‘Committed to be Better’,” said Dato’ Sri Haji Syed Zainal Abidin.

Since it was first launched in April 2009, a total of 65,049 units of the Exora have already been registered with PROTON receiving some 82,854 bookings. The Exora has a monthly sales average of 1,800 units and with the introduction of Exora Bold Premium and Exora Prime, the company is optimistic of securing a monthly sales volume of 2,000 units.

With buyers opting for the Exora because of its interior spaciousness, exterior styling, features and reasonable pricing, it has also won numerous awards which include being named Midi MPV of the year at the NST/Maybank Car of the Year Awards in 2009; Best Local Assembled MPV at the Asian Auto-VCA Awards in 2009; and Small/Mid-size MPV of the year at the Autocar Asean Car of the Year Awards in 2009. The Exora also received the Frost & Sullivan 2010 Malaysia Excellence Awards for Best Automotive Debut Model of the Year in 2010.

The popularity of Exora is also evident in other Proton markets. Last year, the Exora was the only MPV named as one of the top ten cars in Thailand by a renowned English newspaper in Bangkok. And more recently this year, the Exora Star won two separate awards in Indonesia; the “Best Budget MPV 2011” at the Indonesian Automotive Awards and MobilMotor magazine’s ICOTY (Indonesian Car of the Year) Best Small MPV 2011.

The Exora Bold Premium and Exora Prime models will only be available for registration by the second week of January 2012.

In the meantime, customers are invited to test drive the Exora Bold Premium with CVT transmission at the nearest PROTON showroom. In conjunction with the launch of the new variants, PROTON is also organising a Proton 4 U Day from 16-18 December at all Proton sales outlets nationwide. Door gifts are being offered to those who test drive the Exora. The Exora Prime however, will not be available for test drive and can only be viewed at these selected outlets: Crystal Showroom, Juru Branch, Plentong Branch and Mutiara Damansara.


article from IBBM

Certified Credit Professional (CCP)

What is CCP?

Developed by IBBM in consultation with senior credit practitioners, the Certified Credit Professional (CCP) is a specialist professional certification that demonstrates achievement of the minimum professional standard of core competency for credit personnel in the banking and finance industry.
Specialisation in Consumer Credit and Business Credit are offered in the CCP award.

What is the coverage?

The syllabus structure comprises of:
  • Common:
    • Financial System and Principle of Credit
  • Specialisation (your choice for either one):
    • Consumer Credit; or
    • Business Credit.

How is it assessed?

  • Multiple-choice questions (MCQs) for the common and respective specialist syllabus;
  • Case study(ies) that encompass the complete content areas from the common and respective specialist syllabus.
Please refer to examination format information for further details.
Examination for all five papers will be held twice a year. Click here for the examination time-table.
Please note that the Institute will publish the pass candidates' listing for Papers 1, 2 & 3 and the list of candidates completing the CCP examinations (i.e. those completing Papers 4 and 5 of the examinations) on the website.

What are the entry requirements?

There is no academic requirement but you must be a current individual member of IBBM.

What is the enrolment fee?

For New Candidates: RM250 per examination paper.
Referral Candidates: RM200 per examination paper.

When can I enrol for the examinations?

Candidates are required to submit their examination entries according to the enrolment schedule which is published in IBBM's newsletter and website.

How do I study for it?

  • Candidates prepare for the examination through self-study using the study materials provided by IBBM upon registration for the examination. Where appropriate, additional reading of other references are recommended and candidates are expected to read as widely as possible.
  • Candidates have the option to purchase the CCP study materials on CD-ROMs: read-only version (Acrobat PDF files) for their exam preparation.
  • Kindly take note that purchasing the CD-ROMs DOES NOT entitle a candidate to a rebate on examination registration fees for any of the CCP examinations.
  • To purchase the CCP study materials on CD-ROM: read-only version, download and complete the CCP STUDY MATERIALS ON CD-ROM: READ-ONLY VERSION ORDER FORM.
  • Candidates are also encouraged to attend related credit training programmes that are conducted either by IBBM or their own financial institutions to enhance the knowledge acquired from their self-study effort.

lenovo Glams Up with 3 news Fashion -Forward Ultraportable Notebooks


From left: Prakash Mallya, Country Manager of Intel, with Khoo showcasing the new Lenovo notebooks.

Bridging haute couture with superior technology, Lenovo introduced three new luxury notebooks - IdeaPad U300s Ultrabook, U300e Ultrabook and U400 ultraportable notebook. Designed for fashion-minded consumers, they are stylish in looks as they are powerful in performance.
Available in two colours: Graphite Gray and Clementine Orange, all three notebooks have a 16:9 widescreen format HD display, 4GB DDR3 memory and up to 256GB of SSD storage.

Lenovo Country General Manager, Khoo Hung Chuan, believed the new IdeaPad U Series notebooks will be able to provide fashion-savvy individuals with what they need: slender look and feel, true mobility and a super chic package.

"The notebooks are the perfect complements to this season´s demand for fashion, liberating consumers who are always on the go but are looking to combine productivity and entertainment in one stylish device," he said.

Created from a single-piece aluminum shell, the notebooks are sleek as they are lightweight. To complement this form-factor, these three ultra-slim packages sports a 13.3-inch display screen, which not only reduce the overall size of the notebook, making them easier to be carried anywhere but also to improve the weight distribution of the ultrabooks and maintain their overall slim-like design.

One of the enhancements Lenovo included in its three new notebooks is the one-of-a-kind breathable keyboard. Highly innovative, it improves air circulation and overall cooling by combining Intel technology advanced cooling systems with better air vents that are located in and around the keys, on the sides and rear hinge of the chassis.

Published Date : 25 November 2011

Intel Celebrate 40 years of Digital Revolution

Intel Celebrates 40 Years of Digital Revolution

40 years ago, Intel Corporation introduced the world´s first commercially available microprocessor - the Intel 4004 - triggering the start of the digital revolution.
While most people have never seen a microprocessor, they do know its short-form name: the CPU.

In fact, they also interact with many devices that contain these microprocessors, making them become so integrated into their daily life that these gadgets and innovations have become virtually indispensable.

To celebrate the past 40 years of microprocessor innovation and look ahead at the next 40 years, Intel compiled photos, video interviews, opinion pieces and a number of info graphics and other materials with insight from Intel and industry executives, analysts, futurists and engineers.

Published Date : 16 December 2011

a solid typing companion

A solid typing companion

Logitech's Bluetooth Tablet Keyboard for the iPad works like a charm.
One could be a proficient virtual keyboard typist on an iPad but having a physical companion around does come in handy, especially when you need to type for a longer period of time.
And plus, I'm sure most of us do miss the "clicky" sounds and the tactile feedback that only a real keyboard is able to provide.
But looking around for the right typing companion for the iPad can be quite a daunting task as there are plenty of options available. One of them is the Logitech Tablet Keyboard for iPad.
Its full-size keyboard design looks and works similar to Apple's own wireless keyboard. But while the latter is all clad in silver with white keys, Logitech's offering is all black with white lining that goes around three-quarters of the edges.
The slick device also ships with a hardcase protective cover, which when not in use, can be unfolded to double as a stand for the iPad.
But as most iPad owners would have probably invested in their own case or Smart Cover already, this is probably not going to be so useful and will add slightly more weight to the bag that you carry around.
DOUBLE DUTY: The Logitech Tablet Keyboard ships with a hardcase protective cover that can be double as a Tablet stand.
Additionally, the case does not come with any lid so you need to hold it the correct way otherwise the keyboard will fall out.
Power it up
The keyboard is powered by four AAA batteries, which Logitech claims will last several weeks of regular use.
The device connects to the iPad flawlessly and we were able to pair the devices on the first try without any hassle.

COMBO PRESS: The shortcut keys are labelled in blue and you need to press them together with the 'Fn' key to make them work.
The keyboard can be used as far as 30ft or 9m from the Tablet but why do you want to do that? Well, here's an idea - how about using the keyboard like a remote control to operate the iPad hooked to the LCD TV from the comfort of your sofa?
You get media controls - like play, pause, volume up and volume down - as well as photo, onscreen keyboard and lock functions right at your fingertips. These keys are labelled in blue and you need to press them together with the "FN" function key.
There is also a dedicated home key - which is easily identifiable as it sports the same "square-shaped" icon as on the iPad. Suffice to say, all these keys work as advertised.
The Tablet Keyboard for iPad is also easy to type on and we rarely hit the wrong key since they are all nicely spaced out.
The keys have a nice responsiveness to them but due to the keyboard's compact size, we felt the keys tended to give only a fraction of the tactile feedback found on a regular keyboard. Whether this is good or bad depends on your preference.
Final words
In terms of features, there is nothing much that the Logitech Tablet Keyboard can offer to users other than to make typing easier and faster.
But then again, that's probably what you are looking for when shopping for an external keyboard for the iPad.
Also it is fuss-free and not only works equally as well as the Apple wireless keyboard but it is RM30 cheaper.
And in case you are wondering, the Logitech keyboard model can also be paired with other Tablet devices such as the Galaxy Tab, which we personally tried.
But do take note that the shortcut keys will not work at all with the exception of the home key when used with the Android-based Tablet.
(Logitech sells a model specifically for Android, which comes with Android-specific function keys.)
Pros: Easy to use, no fuss Bluetooth connectivity, provides easy access to most used functions.
Cons: Nothing major.
Tablet keyboard for iPAD
Wireless Bluetooth keyboard
SPECIAL KEYS: 11 shortcuts and one home button
RATING: 4 stars
Review unit courtesy of Logitech Malaysia. Enquiries: Kaira Technologies Sdn Bhd (03) 2026-1669; Ingram Micro Sdn Bhd (03) 7952-8188

Wednesday, 14 December 2011

Information technology

Selangor International Islamic University College
MyJICT, Malaysian Journal of Information and Communication Technology, is devoted to disseminate high quality refereed articles in the field of ICT. It is an anually published journal, and also will be available online for free.
We would like to invite all the researches, academicians, and ICT professionals throughout Malaysia to contribute to this journal.
The theme for this edition is “Knowledge Integration in Information Communication Technology“.
Medium – Articles may be in English or Malay.
Papers are accepted throughout the year (due to the approval of the reviewer). However for the third issue publication, the due date for the full paper is on
June, 1st 2011 (new dateline to submit manuscript)
Abstract Submission If you wish to submit the abstract first, please do so by filling in the form by clicking this link. Thank you very much for your interest.

salam phone malaysia

SALAM Prepaid Phone Card | SALAM Prepaid Calling Card | SALAM International Phone Card | SALAM International Calling Card
SALAM phone card provides cheap international and domestic rate. SALAM calling card can be used to call worldwide from USA. At, you can save up to 80% to keep in touch with loved ones in a cheap and efficient way. We guarantee you that our prices bit other competitors prices! Dont forget to visit the phone cards tips, where you can find some important tips on choosing the right phone cards or calling cards.
Keywords: SALAM, SALAM phone card, SALAM calling card, cheap, international calls, low rates, buy SALAM, cheap SALAM
Please follow these instructions to purchase SALAM phone card
  1. Sign up to become our NEW CUSTOMER. (FREE activation)
  2. You will get a phone call from us to verify your information. Please provide us a VALID PHONE NUMBER to reach you for the ACTIVATION process.
  3. Once your account have been activated, you can purchase phone cards at anytime by using your EMAIL and PASSWORD to login.
  4. You will receive an email (EMAIL ACCOUNT that you use during the Sign Up process) with the SALAM phone card PIN number & Access number instantly.

* Country Codes - List of country codes 

Author :unknown

Made-In- Malaysia mobile phone

Author :CHARLES FERNANDEZ Photos by Samuel Ong
MOBILE phone company eTouch Mobile is the latest to join the World Cup fray in South Africa with the launch of the “Jom Bola” campaign and the eTouch’s Touchberry Pro Series.
Deputy Domestic Trade, Co-operative and Consumerism Minister Datuk Tan Lian Hoe kicked off the dual launch at the Mydin hypermarket in USJ1 recently.
Come and get it!: Sales personnel Wemmy Wong with two of the five new ePhone Pro-Series mobile phones.
Tan said it was encouraging to see Malaysian companies coming up with locally-made products, thus giving mobile phone users more choice to choose from the latest mobile phone range.
“It is always difficult to break into any established market, more so in a competitive industry like mobile phones.
“There are a lot of big boys out there who have their fingers in the pie but Malaysian products can match up to the challenge,’’ said Tan.
She said Malaysians should be proud of homegrown brands as a great number of Malaysian-made products and services were well received locally and abroad.
“These products have set a benchmark for others in the global market to follow and some brands have made it as a global brand name or icon,’’ she added.
The Pro Series comes with applications like email, high speed Wi-Fi, Qwerty keypad and touch screen capability, retailing from RM299 to RM599.
eTouch mobile managing director Siew Ai Fern said the new series was conceptualised with the Malaysian public in mind
“We hope that it will be a symbol of Malaysian ingenuity and design, giving everyone an opportunity to keep in touch with the world in style and with cutting- edge technology in line with our tagline 100% Local Brand Global Market,’’ said Tan.
She said eTouch was being distributed in seven countries and it was set to double its international distribution network by the end of the year.
She added that eTouch would be increasing both their distribution and service points.
The mobile phone range varies in design and functions and is packed with features such as dual SIM card capability giving the user a 2-in-1 advantage instead of carrying two handphones with different numbers.
And that is not all. By buying this phone, two lucky people from Malaysia will be flown by eTouch to South Africa to be among the thousands of spectators watching the World Cup live in June and also take in the best sights of South Africa in the “Jom Bola” campaign.
There are more than 30 models to choose from, including the Smartphone Touchberry Pro Series, TV-enabled range, Dual Sim Card range and the WiFi range.
The two-month long “Jom Bola” campaign ends on May 15.

Women in IT

Author : Dig Deeper
Women in information technology face power and confidence issues
One of the biggest concerns the panelists and session attendees raised was the overall struggle to be taken seriously in the IT workplace. That entails toning down the appearance of “being a woman” in hopes of being noticed for smarts and not looks, putting on a “power” face in order to be taken seriously, going an extra mile to fight for a job position when going up against a man, or demanding sufficient maternity leave time.
In an intriguing spin, one session attendee actually felt that being around all men could be more comforting at times. If there are only two women in the IT shop, there can be competition between them to be the woman, which can be more uncomfortable, she said.
Overcoming issues regarding women and information technology
Despite sharing stories of hardships in the workplace, the main goal in the room was not to dwell on the struggles, but find out how to eliminate them, make the IT shop fairer and diversify the workplace.
Several ideas were thrown around, including paying more attention to how a company is portrayed to potential applicants. Rather than having photos of all men on a company website, it is important to include photos of women as well, for example. This small yet impactful sign of diversity shows that this company welcomes a diverse group of people, not cookie-cutter male applicants.
But going deeper, it's also important to create a work environment that instills fair treatment of all people. One way to do that is by structuring meetings so that men don’t dominate the discussion. Another strategy is to have women-specific training or internship opportunities that offer mentorship and a safe space for idea development.
Women in information technology… speak up! And encourage others to do the same
As much as men and the structure of a company need to conform for women to be welcomed in the IT world, women -- and others not directly involved in potential sexism or -- need to speak up and adjust as well. It’s not about women playing the victims and everyone else changing to meet their needs; women must become thicker skinned and muster up their own confidence to achieve what they want in the workplace as well, some attendees said.
The panel discussed how women need to be firm in asking for raises or promotions, especially if they feel as though they are being deprived due to gender. Understanding the culture and ideas of working in the IT field is also important -- and women can't afford to take all joking personally if such joking is the culture of the shop, some attendees said.
The session came to a close with the overall understanding that while there are concrete issues to be addressed, perhaps the biggest issue is the idea that not many people are aware of them. The fact that the majority of the attendees were women showed that either men don’t think there’s an issue, or they felt that the session was solely for women. Either way, sessions like this one at LISA are one of the first steps to making these issues more widely known. This session and those like it have the ability to educate both men and women on what they can do to make the IT industry as fair and welcoming as possible for all people.

IT Geographic overview

Author :  unknown
There are 5 cybercities within the MSC. These cybercities are audited annually to comply with a set of minimum standards and criteria that differentiates them from any other location. The MDC administers the minimum standards to ensure that MSC cybercities are always adopting the latest in intelligent cities standards.

As the focal point of the MSC, Cyberjaya is being developed as a self-contained intelligent city. Cyberjaya offers ideal business and living conditions. The primary development is focused on the area known as the Flagship Zone and comprises of three main zone areas:
• Enterprise Zone
• Commercial Zone
• Residential Zone
The other Flagship Zones are designated for public facilities, green areas, and zone for recreational purposes. By 2011, it will be a city supporting a working population of approximately 50,000 and a living population of over 120,000.
Integral to Cyberjaya is the City Command Center (CCC) which acts as a Central Monitoring Hub to monitor, manage and implement key services. It also provides the seamless integration of systems and services such as Advanced Traffic Management, Integrated Utilities Management, Interactive Community Services and more.[1]
Cyberjaya Flagship Zone (CFZ)
2,890 ha (7,000 acres)
Management Corporation/ Master Developer
Setia Haruman Sdn. Bhd.,
7th Floor, Tower 1, Faber Towers, Jalan Desa Bahagia, Off Jalan Kelang Lama, 58100 Kuala Lumpur.
Year In Operation
Development Theme
Model intelligent city emphasizing on harmony with nature and an eco-friendly environment
Current Features

• Nucleus of the MSC and core cluster area for the MSC-Status    companies.
• Self-contained intelligent city, offering and ideal business and    living environment for all.
• Enterprise complex:
  - Century Square (535, 900 sf NLA)
  - Enterprise 1, 2& 3 (282,000 sf NLA)
• Incubation Centre:
  - MSC Central Incubator (68,900 sf NLA)
• Data Centre:
  - Telekom Malaysia’s MyLoca
• Resort Hotel:
  - Cyberview Lodge, Resort & Spa (74 rooms)
• Commercial:
  - Street Mall (1 Supermarket, 6 food & beverages outlets, 12      retail shops)
  - Century Square Block 4
• Higher Learning Institution:
  - Multimedia University
• Residential:
  - Cyberview Gardens (60 units), completed
  - D Melor Condominium (120 units) completed
  - Cyberia Apartments (440 units) completed,
    (additional 476 units) – by March 2003*
  - Cyber Heights Villa (302 units), by June 2002*,
    (additional 272 units) – by December 2003*
  - The Promenade (375 units) – by December 2003*
  - D’Cassia (176 units) – by December 2004*
Special Recognitions
Street Mall

 • “National Landscape Award” from the National Landscape     Department, Ministry of Housing and Local Government
 •  “State Landscape Award 2001” from the Selangor     Department of Town and Country Planning

Technology Park Malaysia (TPM) is developed to propel Malaysia into the knowledge-based economy and is one of the most advanced and comprehensive centers for research and development activities in the region[2].
Technology Park Malaysia (Phase 1 only)
92.7 ha (230 acres)
Management Corporation /Master Developer
Technology Park Malaysia Corporation Sdn. Bhd.,
Lebuhraya Puchong-Sg.Besi,
Bukit Jalil, 57000 Kuala Lumpur
Year in operation
Development Theme
A symbiosis between nature and the built environment
Current features
•  Strategically located at the heart of the MSC, TPM provides    first- class environment, which caters to needs of knowledge
• Enterprise Building (561,900 sf NLA)
• Incubator Building ( 113, 900 sf NLA)
• Innovation House (8, 600 sf NLA)
• Data Centre:
  - TPMNet Sdn. Bhd.
  - Mimos Bhd.
  - Cordoda Corporation Sdn. Bhd.
• R&D Land Lots
• Supporting facilities and amenities include a fully equipped   gymnasium, sauna, court game facilities, food outlets,   convenience shops, financial institution, kindergarten and clinic
• First-class hotels, sports complex, golf courses, shopping,   commercial and residential areas are all in close proximity
Special Recognitions
“Best Landscaping Award for Private and Business Complex Category” from Ministry of Housing & Local Government in years 1998, 1999 and 2000

UPM-MTDC (Universiti Putra Malaysia – Malaysia Technology Development Corporation) Technology Incubation Centre is a joint-venture between UPM and MTDC[3].
Universiti Putra Malaysia-Malaysia Technology Development Corporation (UPM-MTDC)
15.7 ha (39 acres)
Management Corporation
/Master Developer
Malaysian Technology Development Corporation Sdn. Bhd.,
Malaysian Technology Centre,
University Research Park, 43400 Serdang
Year in Operation
Development Theme
Incubation center to enhance technology development activities in the country
Current features
• First of a series of MTDC incubation centers established within    universities campuses
• Offers customized development concept to facilitate the roll-out of    new business ventures from academic and research    establishments
• Incubation Centre One (143,000 sf NLA)
• Data Centre:
   - DataOne Asia (m) Sdn. Bhd.

Kuala Lumpur City Centre (KLCC) is a self-contained city within-a-city. The integrated development provides more than 1.67 million square meters of enterprises, commercial, retail, hotel, residential and entertainment facilities[4].
Petronas Tower (Twin Towers only)
381,450 sm (4,104,404 sf)
/ Master Developer
KLCC Urusharta Sdn. Bhd., Level 36, Tower 2,
Petronas Twin Towers, Kuala Lumpur City Centre,
50088 Kuala Lumpur
Year in Operation
Development Theme
Self-contained city-within-a-city
Current Features
• Tallest buildings in the world (452 meters)
• National landmark and symbol of Malaysia achievements as and   emerging world-class economy
• Northern gateway to the MSC and equipped with state-of-the-art   communication facilities
• Data Centre:
  - Reach Internet Services (MSC) Sdn. Bhd.
• Enterprise Complex:
  - Twin Towers (2,560,000 sf NLA)
• Commercial:
  - Suria KLCC
• Recreational :
  - KLCC Park
  - Dewan Filharmonik Petronas
  - Galeri Petronas
  - Petrosains (Science Discovery Centre)
Special Recognitions
• “National Landscape Award 2001” from the National Landscape   Department, Ministry of Housing & Local Government
• “IEM Outstanding Engineering Achievement Award 1998” from   Institution of Engineers Malaysia
• FIABCI Award of Distinction 2001 “Special Award for National   Contribution/ Special Project” from FIABCI Malaysia
• American Institute of Architects:
  - Connecticut Design Award 1999
  - Honour Award for Architecture 2000

Menara Kuala Lumpur (KL Tower) is the world’s fourth tallest telecommunication tower. Soaring to an impressive height of 421 meters, the tower has been designed to house world-class telecommunications services to meet Malaysia’s increasing telecommunication needs. The tower serves as a function icon for the MSC and does not provide any office space for rental.[5]
Menara KL (KL Tower)
11,174 sm (120,230 sf)
Management Corporation /Master Developer
Menara Kuala Lumpur Sdn. Bhd.,
Jalan Punchak, Off Jalan P.Ramlee,
50250 Kuala Lumpur
Year in operation
Development Theme
Provide the nation with a telecommunications and broadcasting tower with designs that reflects Malaysia’s Islamic culture.
Current features
• Recognized as the telecommunications, broadcasting and tourism tower for Malaysia
• Recreational:
- Tower Terrace (Cascading Pool/Pedestrian Mall)
- Amphitheatre
- Mini theatre
- Observation Deck
- Seri Angkasa Revolving Restaurant
• Commercial
- Mega view banquet Deck
Special Recognitions
• FIABCI, Paris-based international Real Estate Federation Award in 1997

What is Information Technology

Author : unknown 
In the 1960s and 1970s, the term information technology (IT) was a little known phrase that was used by those who worked in places like banks and hospitals to describe the processes they used to store information. With the paradigm shift to computing technology and "paperless" workplaces, information technology has come to be a household phrase. It defines an industry that uses computers, networking, software programming, and other equipment and processes to store, process, retrieve, transmit, and protect information.
In the early days of computer development, there was no such thing as a college degree in IT. Software development and computer programming were best left to the computer scientists and mathematical engineers, due to their complicated nature. As time passed and technology advanced, such as with the advent of the personal computer in the 1980s and its everyday use in the home and the workplace, the world moved into the information age.
By the early 21st century, nearly every child in the Western world, and many in other parts of the world, knew how to use a personal computer. Businesses' information technology departments have gone from using storage tapes created by a single computer operator to interconnected networks of employee workstations that store information in a server farm, often somewhere away from the main business site. Communication has advanced, from physical postal mail, to telephone fax transmissions, to nearly instantaneous digital communication through electronic mail (email).


What kind of Education does one need to work in the field of Information Technology?

Author: unknown

To work in the IT field, individuals must have a combination of formal education and experience. Because the field is developing so rapidly, there is a wide range of educational opportunities available, and updating one's skills with experience pertaining to the newest technologies out there is extremely important.
Formal educational opportunities such as two and four year degrees in the field of information technology are abundant. Usually titled associate of science or Bachelor of Science degrees, these courses focus mainly on the majored area of IT. With classes like the principles of computer language, application server programming, enterprise software architecture, and information systems security, students receive a great deal of information regarding of the IT industry.

In addition to such core classes, these degrees also require courses in mathematics, communications, science, social and behavioral science, as well as some humanities. The length of the program determines how many classes in each area are necessary for graduation

For those looking to further their information technology degree, many colleges and universities now offer Master of Science and Ph.D. programs in the field. For instance, Carnegie Mellon Heinz College School of Information Systems & Management developed its Mastes's program for individuals already in the field looking to hone their skills without having to drop out of the workforce or move to get their education. Carnegie Mellon's program focuses on core requirements such as telecommunications management, IT project management, and database management, as well as complimentary electives like financial accounting, e-commerce technologies, healthcare information systems, and geographic information systems.

The University of Nebraska at Omaha offers a Ph.D. in information technology. Such a program combines information systems requirements with computer science principles to create a unique opportunity for those looking to get to the top of the IT field. UNO's program prepares students for the specialized fields of applied computing, information systems, internet technologies, as well as the developments in telecommunications and management of IT. Students can specialize in areas such as artificial intelligence, bioinformatics, data mining, and B2B e-commerce and risk management. Course requirements depend on each doctoral candidate's field of study and dissertation matter.


A week to remmeber

Author: Terry Freedman | Tuesday, December 13, 2011 at 11:30AM | Permalink

People visit the ICT in Education website because they have an interest in ICT in education rather than in my private life, which is why I never post anything deeply personal here. However, recent personal events have affected my working life, the most visible evidence of this being the lack of updates here for nearly two weeks. Less publicly, a number of emails have remained unanswered. Here is what has happened during this period.

My sister passed away after a relatively short, but painful, battle with a particular form of soft tissue sarcoma, which is a type of cancer. The type with which my sister was diagnosed is incurable, and she could be offered only palliative care. (If you would like to find out more about soft tissue sarcoma, look at the Sarcoma information website and the cancer research website.)

Shortly afterwards, my mother contracted an infection. This proved to be fatal, and she too passed away a few days later. I am now in the process of easing myself back into work, and hope to be able to resume updating this website on a regular basis between catching up with emails, and working.


Thursday, 8 December 2011

How IT Shapes Top-Down and Bottom-Up Decision Making

Published: November 1, 2010
Author: Carmen Nobel

What determines whether decisions happen on the bottom, middle, or top rung of the corporate ladder? New research offers a surprising conclusion: The answer often lies in the technology that a company uses.

Information-based systems, such as Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP) software, will push decision-making toward the bottom of the corporate ladder. Communication systems, such as e-mail and instant messaging applications, will push the decision-making process toward the top.

And that means developing an IT strategy isn't all about deploying the best technology, says Raffaella Sadun, an assistant professor of strategy at Harvard Business School.

"If a CEO can trust his senior managers, he will be more willing to decentralize decision-making"

"The bottom line is that whoever is in charge of the acquisitions and the IT strategy, they obviously cannot just think about the technology side, they also have to think about the organizational side," she says. "Traditionally, technology is thought of as a tool that enables empowerment, but that's not always the case."

Sadun discusses the issue in "The Distinct Effects of Information Technology and Communication Technology on Firm Organization," a paper she cowrote with Nicholas Bloom of Stanford University and Luis Garicano and John Van Reenen of the Centre for Economic Performance, London School of Economics.

"Technologies that make the acquisition of information easier at the lower level of the hierarchy are associated with a decentralization of the decision-making process," Sadun says. "On the other hand, we have the communication technologies, which actually do exactly the opposite."
IT's different roles

Companies, however, often fail to consider the disparate roles of their software systems, let alone their effects on organizational behavior. Rather, they lump "information technology" into one amorphous idea—the "IT" department—which encompasses all the technology in the organization.

"Technology tends to be dumped into a single category," Sadun says. "The reality is that IT is a huge, heterogeneous set of technologies."

Similarly, when examining issues such as organization and productivity, industry and academic studies historically tend to treat information and communication technologies as "an aggregate homogeneous capital stock," according to the paper. To that end, Sadun and her fellow researchers set out to show how—and why—managers need to consider the very different organizational effects of communication and information technologies.

"This difference matters not just for firms' organization and productivity, but also in the labor market, as information access and communication technology changes can be expected to affect the wage distribution in opposite directions," their paper states.

The researchers looked at non-production decisions such as capital investment, new hires, and new product plans. Such decisions are either centralized near the top of the corporate ladder or decentralized and delegated to the top of a particular business unit. And the decision makers often depend on ERP software, which facilitates the dissemination of information throughout a large company, enabling detailed coordination among various operating units.

Next, they looked at production decisions, which involve figuring out the tasks necessary to meet the goals and deciding how to pace them. These decisions are generally the bailiwick of either a factory floor worker or a supervisor. For those cases, the researchers studied the role of Computer-Aided Design (CAD) and Computer-Aided Manufacturing (CAM) software in decision-making.

In both instances, the researchers hypothesized that the information software would lead to decentralized decision-making. Because the software eases access to the information necessary to make important choices, both the ERP and CAD systems would increase the likelihood that plant managers and production workers would make decisions and act on them without having to consult an executive at headquarters.

On the other hand, the team hypothesized that a rise in leased lines and corporate intranets would lead to a rise in centralized decision-making at the top of the corporate ladder.
Enabling micromanagement

In the past, communication often depended on faxes, overnight delivery services, "snail mail," or site visits. Even with phone calls, it was difficult for anyone at headquarters to make educated decisions and communicate them to branch offices. In those cases, it was natural to cede control of daily operations to a local manager.

With today's networking technologies, it's easier for top executives to keep a constant flow of communication with branch offices. However, the network may actually deter innovation. When technology makes it easier to communicate, erstwhile independent workers may find themselves pestering their bosses with e-mailed questions throughout the day. Micromanaging executives find themselves making all the decisions and constantly sending mandates down the corporate ladder.

"Whenever there is a reduction in the cost of transmitting information, it's easier for the person down in the hierarchy to communicate with the CEO," Sadun says. "And the CEO can monitor constantly what this person is doing and just give orders, rather than rely on the judgment of those below."

The research team evaluated data from some 1,000 manufacturing firms in eight countries, including detailed technology rollout histories and surveys that gauged the relative decisional autonomy of plant managers and floor workers. (In gauging the factors that determine whether a firm adopts any given technology, the researchers considered geographic variables that might affect the cost of acquiring the technology—the firm's distance from the Walldorf, Germany, headquarters of ERP market leader SAP, for instance, and the fact that telecom industry regulations vary from country to country, which means networking prices vary, too.)

The findings were consistently parallel with the hypotheses: An increase in the penetration of ERP systems led to a substantial increase in plant manager autonomy. A CAD/CAM deployment raised the likelihood of floor worker autonomy. But communication technologies served to lower autonomy, meaning more decisions happened at the corporate level.

"I was reassured and surprised at the same time that these results were holding across countries and industries," Sadun says.
The importance of trust

That said, Sadun notes that technology is hardly the only factor that determines whether a firm allows decision-making both up and down the corporate ladder. Another major factor lies in cultural differences across and within countries. In a separate study, Sadun found that otherwise similar companies showed huge differences in decision-making tactics, according to their geographical location. In the paper "The Organization of Firms across Countries," coauthored with Bloom and Van Reenen, she documents that firms located in areas with high levels of trust tend to be systematically more decentralized than those in areas with low levels of trust.

Sweden and Portugal, for example, seem to be on opposite ends of the trust spectrum. "There's huge cross country heterogeneity in the way even apparently similar firms decide how to allocate decision rights within the firm," Sadun says. "Take Swedish manufacturing companies, for example. You see that they are completely decentralized, and the middle manager is basically a mini-CEO with loads of decision-making power. And then you take a firm that produces exactly the same good, but instead of in Sweden, it's in Portugal. And there, the middle manager doesn't decide anything and is completely dependent on the authority of the CEO.

"In our research," she continues, "we argue that different levels of trust are a key determinant of these differences. If a CEO can trust his senior managers, he will be more willing to decentralize decision-making. For example, there might be a lower concern about the fact that managers will use their power to pursue their personal interests instead of those of the firm."


Hands-on with Articles for iPhone: Wikipedia in your palm

By Jeff Smykil | Published about a year ago

Articles for iPhone is a brand new Wikipedia client for the iPhone and iPod touch from Sophiestication Software, maker of the popular Groceries, and Coversutra for the Mac. The app feels a lot like something Apple would create, but does it offer enough to set itself apart in the already crowded space? We decided to find out.

Upon first launch, Articles is nearly indistinguishable from mobile Safari. If it weren’t for the gray search and tool bars, you might think you accidentally activated the wrong application. The app is simple to use, and anyone who has used mobile Safari should have no issues. Articles allows a user to search any of the different language variants of Wikipedia and switch between languages without opening any preferences. A choice is given between searching article content or article titles. You can also search either of those options with realtime search suggestions—impressive, considering there are more than 3 million articles in the English version of Wikipedia.

The software makes compromises in the way that entries are displayed, but these are largely due to the screen size of the device. In particular, we're talking about the way information is commonly displayed on the right hand side of a Wikipedia article page (typically classifications in scientific articles, or birth and death dates in biographies). In Articles, you can access this by touching the information icon, which generally appears under the first image. This loads a secondary screen with the same information you would find on the main Wikipedia page. All the info is formatted in a manner that is attractive and easy to read. The developer cited the lack of a solution with attractive article layout, including the Wikipedia mobile site, as a major reason as to why they pursued this project.

Scrolling through an article isn’t the smoothest experience, but you won't find any blank checkerboard patterns like the ones that constantly appear in mobile Safari. I'll take some less-than-perfect scrolling if it means the information is already loaded and displayed when I do scroll. Articles seem to load a bit slow over WiFi, which I initially assumed was due to the whole page rendering before display, but I'm told that there should be no real difference between the performance of Articles and that of the mobile Wikipedia site in Safari.

For those of you who like to peruse Wikipedia in bed, there is an orientation lock inside the app. The implementation works as you might expect, but turning it on and off isn’t a simple preference. Instead, Articles borrows a page from the Tweetie 2 "refresh timeline" mechanism. To lock the screen orientation, just pull down on the text until the dialog says you have locked or unlocked the screen.

As mentioned earlier, the toolbar at the bottom of the app is identical to the one in mobile Safari, though it does hold some pleasant surprises. The forward and back arrows do what you would expect, while the add button allows you to bookmark an article inside of Articles or mail the link of the article using the device's built-in mail application. Upon touching the open book icon, Articles reveals that it has its own bookmark organization functionality. Here, users can view their article history and organize bookmarks into folders.

The coolest feature is probably "Nearby," which also lives inside of the bookmark screen. Nearby uses your current location and drops pins on a map all around it. Each of these pins represents a Wikipedia article about that particular location. The Nearby feature makes use of the API and, although the pin dropping isn't fast, it is pretty cool. There are plans to add a feature in the future that adds a map link to see where certain article topics are on a map.

Finally, Articles has the same page functionality as Safari. I like to think of pages as mini-tabs like those in mobile Safari—you can open links in new pages, allowing you to dive deep into Wikipedia without losing your original place. This functionality was coded from scratch, because Apple doesn't open this feature to developers.

Articles is well made, well thought-out, and feels native. If Wikipedia is your thing, you could do much, much worse. At $2.99, it may be pricier than some alternatives, but the polish and the clever “Nearby” feature justify the price.

Thursday, 1 December 2011

Lab Session

Assalamualaikum dan salam sejahtera ..
what meaning of Lab Session ?
it is assignment for subject MGT 300
so enjoy with this subject yeah ..
oppss ! don't forget to follow me ..